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Cardstack – the experience layer of the decentralized Internet

Cardstack is the experience layer of the decentralized Internet. They believe that orchestrating cohesive user
experiences across the blockchain and the cloud isessential to bringing decentralization to the mass market. Their mission is to build an economically sustainablesoftware ecosystem that fights back against the rampant lock-in mechanisms of centralized platforms.


Cardstack is building a new experience layer that helpsusers orchestrate their interactions across the (d)Appsthey use, ushering in the age of mass market adoption ofdecentralized technologies in an open ecosystem.
The World Wide Web was architected by Sir TimBerners-Lee as a decentralized network ofindividually operated web servers. It was built withopen-source tools and brought forth the era ofhome pages under construction. But building itopen in 1989 was not enough to keep the Webfrom falling back into an uncomfortablycentralized architecture in 2017. To search theWeb, they still rely on the relentless crawlers fromGoogle. To stay informed, they submit to thealgorithms of Facebook, trying to find things thatmay trigger their interests. The crypto communityis not immune to these recentralization vectors;hosted, closed-sourced wallets like Coinbase havecaptured a big portion of recent crypto converts.


Cards from dierent origins can be delivered via thesame notification queue. They can be chained togetherto form workflows that tap into the power of mobiledevices and move at the whim of the sovereign user.

The unique advantage of cards as a userinterface paradigm is that they fit nicely intothe four edges of the modern smartphone,much better even than the best responsiveweb sites. Beyond the factor of their bite-sizedform, cards are embodied as physical objects:They can move into or out of view with the flickof a finger, be chained or tacked together witha related card and move in tandem, or getpicked up and dragged into another area of theenvironment as naturally as you’d expect.


The initial implementation of the Cardstack tokenmechanism is written in Solidity and is currently on the
Ethereum testnet. They will open source all 20+ smartcontracts via GitHub and look forward to thecommunity’s feedback.
  • Smart contracts in the Cardstackecosystem are upgradable through aregistry abstraction, which redirectstransactions to the latest version.
  • Cardstack Tokens are abbreviated asCST (ocially pronounced as spelled)in this white paper. In practice, CSTcan simply be referred to as “cards”.
  • The structural separation of retain-and redeem-contracts means that SSCcan run on dierent blockchains or onside-chain, as scalability needs arise.


The Cardstack Foundation exists to conceptualize andrealize the software-driven ecosystem that oers users acohesive user experience while rewarding makers andminers through a fair allocation of value created.

The Cardstack Foundation is a non-profit foundation based in the Canton ofZug, Switzerland. Its goal is to promote and develop the Cardstack software,architecture, protocols, and applications. The Foundation can support andfinance research and development activities that promote the Cardstacksoftware, architecture, and protocols. It will be responsible for the plannedfundraiser and ensure that the funds raised are budgeted and allocated tofulfill its founding charter.
The Foundation is overseen by the Foundation Council, consisting of threemembers at the time of publication: Chris Tse, who acts as the president,Justin Thong, and Guido Schmitz-Krummacher. The Foundation Council isexpected to expand as the ecosystem grows, to ensure that the compositionof the council reflects the diverse perspectives of the community.


For more information, visit the WEBSITE or read the WHITEPAPER.


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